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Types of drugs and their immediate effects

Types of drugs and their immediate effects

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Any type of drug or psychoactive substance interferes with the functioning of the central nervous system. At first, drugs work as stimulants, but they are responsible for changing behaviors and disturbing our body.

Below, we present an overview of the types of drugs that exist to learn about their characteristics, their effects and how they can change our ways of being and our relationships with others.

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What are the main types of drugs available?

Types of drugs can be classified according to origin or effects. On the one hand, we find natural, synthetic and semi-synthetic drugs:

  • Drugs and natural substances: they are produced from plants and flowers, so they do not contain any chemical substances. Caffeine is a natural drug;
  • Synthetic drugs: they are artificially manufactured from laboratories such as amphetamines, ectasy, methamphetamines. They can be consumed in different ways such as powder, tablet or injection.
  • Semi-synthetic drugs: result from mixing natural substances with others produced in laboratories, such as cocaine and crack.
natural drugs

On the other hand, we can distinguish the types of drugs according to their effects on the CNS. It has nothing to do with whether they are licit or illicit drugs, which will be distinguished further on.

  • Depressing drugs: These are all drugs that help you sleep or relieve anxiety. They are often used in the treatment of insomnia or pain, from medications (under prescription).
  • Stimulant drugs: these are substances capable of increasing brain activity and that can make a person “electric” or euphoric.
  • Hallucinogenic or disturbing drugs: the brain stops working normally because these substances are capable of causing hallucinations.

Types of depressant drugs

Do not think that depressant drugs are those used by people who suffer from depression. They are actually psychoactive substances that have serious consequences on a person’s health.

depressant drugs

So-called central nervous system (CNS) depressant drugs will reduce mental activity and give a drowsiness effect, which increases the higher the dose. Examples of depressant drugs include:

  • Opium;
  • Morphine ;
  • Heroin;
  • methadone;
  • Propoxyphene;
  • Zolpidem;
  • barbiturates;
  • Tranquilizers;
  • Anxiolytics

Effects of depressant drugs

Most of the effects of depressant drugs appear soon after their use, but as they last for a short time, unfortunately, a new dose is required.

  • Overheating of the body;
  • Decreased pain, but enormous difficulty in performing some movements;
  • Decreased sexual appetite;
  • Period of great confusion, which results in problems concentrating in conversations with family and friends or in a professional environment;
  • Breathing very weak;
  • Obstipation

Types of Stimulant Drugs

stimulant drugs

As for the types of stimulant drugs, the list is equally long, and while they increase the level of adrenaline in the blood, they can disrupt Central Nervous System (CNS) activity.

  • Caffeine;
  • Cocaine;
  • Crack;
  • Amphetamines and derivatives;
  • methamphetamine;
  • Theobromine;
  • Nicotine;
  • GHB;

Immediate effects of stimulant drugs

The characteristics of stimulant drugs are relatively similar to each other, where there is extraordinary energy shooting, emotional out of control and even loss of reality. Let’s see, the effects of stimulant drugs.

  • Accelerated heart rate;
  • Increased breathing;
  • It increases arousal and decreases tiredness, but the use of higher doses can cause fever and even acute psychosis;
  • Feeling of power;
  • Sense of alertness, but increased tension and irritability;
  • Some stimulant drugs are able to decrease appetite which leads to weight loss;
  • Communication failures.

Types of disturbing or hallucinogenic drugs

Drugs that disturb mental activity are those that cause the greatest lack of control, because they often affect the sense of sight. They are often common drugs among young people.

drugs in pills
  • LSD;
  • Ecstasy or M.M.D.A.;
  • Mescaline;
  • Cannabis;
  • Dimethoxyamphetamine or DOM;;
  • Hashish;
  • Flakka;
  • Magic mushrooms.

Disturbing drug effects

Of all the senses, vision is the most affected by those who resort to disturbing drugs, as it causes hallucinations. Even so, there are still distortions in the remaining five senses. Some effects of these drugs are:

  • Hallucinations, alteration of colors, shapes and contours of objects;
  • Loss of consciousness, with reduced reasoning;
  • Loss of notion of time and space;
  • Feeling of power;
  • delusions;
  • Panic;
  • Development of serious psychiatric illnesses such as psychosis and schizophrenia.

Family members and friends of drug addicts should be able to understand the main reasons that lead them to use drugs, in order to help them recover. This should be done in specialized clinics like Villa Ramadas, with the best treatments to stop using drugs.

What is the difference between legal and illegal drugs in UK?

Most of the depressant, stimulant and disturbing drugs are included in thelist of illicit drugs in UK. These are psychoactive substances whose sale, trafficking and consumption are completely prohibited in our country.

Unfortunately, some sedating substances are present in prescription drugs, but they should be avoided at all costs. Among the most commonly used types of illicit drugs are LSD, heroin or ecstasy.

ectasy or M.D.M.A

Legal drugs are allowed for sale and consumption through specific regulations. They may be as harmful or more harmful to health than illicit drugs, so their consumption should be moderate or even avoided so as not to cause cases of strong dependence.

Examples of licit drugs include alcohol, tobacco, syrups, nasal decongestants, anorectics, as well as some anabolic steroids, which promote muscle growth.

Do all types of drugs lead to addiction?

chemical dependency

The answer is obviously known to everyone. Depressing, stimulant and disruptive drugs can lead to chemical dependency. This happens when there is a need to continue consumption and, in addition, to gradually increase the doses. At that moment, the person is no longer able to say “no” to consumption.

Not all people can make the drug withdrawal path on their own. Therefore, it will be crucial to resort to a specialized drug treatment center, such as the Villa Ramadas clinics, where unique medical care is used in Europe aimed at the recovery of chemical dependents.

The greater the chemical dependence, the greater the long-term effects of the drugs on the body. There can be serious injuries to organs and muscles, aggressive behavior and even overdose, one of the main causes of death for drug addicts.


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